Mount Athos

The Holy Mount Athos

The Holy Mount Athos is an autonomous and self-governed territory of Greece. It occupies the whole of the third peninsula of Halkidiki, about 50 km in length and having a breadth of 8-12 km covering an area of 330 square kilometers. In the centre of the peninsula of Mount Athos rise a long range of hills and mountains, culminating in Mount Athos itself,2,033m above sea level.

The boarder of this monastic state, where it meets the rest of Greece, is marked by an imaginary line drawn from Francocastro on the western coast across to Cape Arapis on the opposite coast, passing close it the foothills of the mountain “Megali Vigla” (Megas Zigos).

Until the 3rd Century BC, many small Greek towns existed on the peninsula of Athos, principally colonies originating from Chalkida and Eretria. The most important of which were Sani, Ouranoupolis, Thisson, Kleones, Dion, Akrathos and Olofixos. Later, these towns declined or were destroyed.

Monastery Simonos Petra

Monastery Simonos Petra

is the most bold construction of the peninsula

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Monastery Philotheou

Monastery Philotheou

It was built by St. Filotheos Before 972

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Monastery of Dochiariou

Monastery Dochiariou

the most elegant and beautiful monastery

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Monastery Zografou

Monastery Zografou

is situated on a slope of the S.W. part of Mount Athos

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Monastery Xeropotamou

Monastery Xeropotamou

in the middle of the athonite peninsula

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Pantokratoros monastery

Monastery Pantokratoros

in the N.E. side of Mount Athos

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Koutloumousiou Monastery

Monastery Koutloumousiou

original monastery was built before the 12th century

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Monastery Dionisiou

Monastery Dionisiou

was built in the middle 14th century

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Monastery Hilandar

Monastery Hilandar

The history begins in the 10th century but, after its ruin, the emperor Alexius III

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Monastery of Iviron

Monastery Iveron

Iveron  monastery was built in the end of the 10th century by the Georgian monks

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Monastery Vatopedi or Vatopediou

Monastery Vatopedi or Vatopediou

built during the second half of the 10th century

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Monastery Konstamonitou

Monastery Konstamonitou

it is built in a forest, 200 meters above the sea level

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Panteleimon Monastery

Monastery Panteleimon

is dedicated to its namesake Saint

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Monastery Esfigmenou

Monastery Esfigmenou

surrounded by a rectangular wall

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Monastery Grigoriou

Monastery Grigoriou

is built by the sea, in the S.W. side

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Monastery Stavronikita

Monastery Stavronikita

the smallest monasteries of Mount Athos

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Monastery Agios Pavlos

Monastery Agios Pavlos

Monastery of Agios Pavlos or Saint Paul

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Monastery Megistis Lavras

Monastery Megistis Lavras

It was built in 963 by St. Athanasius the Athonite

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